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THE IRON AGE  ~1200

In archaeology, the Iron Age is the prehistoric period in any area during which cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. The adoption of this material coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles .

The Iron Age is the last principal period in the three-age system for classifying prehistoric societies, preceded by the Bronze Age. Its dates and context vary depending on the geographical region. The Iron Age in each area ends with the beginning of the historical period, i.e. the local production of ample written sources. Thus, for instance, the British Iron Age ends with the Roman Conquest.

The term "Iron Age" was originally derived from the "Ages of Man", i.e. the ages of human existence on the Earth according to Classical mythology. While modern historians assume earlier ages in this scheme to be completely mythical ("The Golden Age" and the "Silver Age"), the later Bronze Age and Iron Age of classical mythology are assumed to have preserved the memory of actual periods when the metals mentioned dominated human life. (click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

 

鐵器時代  ~西元前12百年

在考古學中,鐵器時代泛指於史前時期中,使用鐵製或鋼製的切割工具或武器的任意地區。使用此種材質通常與社會變遷有關,像是農業技術,宗教信仰,藝術風格的變化。

鐵器時代是史前時期的三個時期的最後一個,在青銅時代之後。根據地理區域的不同,鐵器時代的年代跟前後關係也有所不同,要參看各地所留下的歷史資料方可得知。舉例來說,不列顛的鐵器時代結束與羅馬的入侵有關。

鐵器時代這名詞源自於人類世紀,即根據上古神話來畫分人類在地球上生存的時期。現代史學家認為神話中較早的時代是虛構的(黃金時代與白銀時代),而神話中較晚的青銅時代與鐵器時代則有參考價值,該些時代確實在人們的生活中使用了該些金屬材質。

(維基連結:鐵器時代人類世紀)

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