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(連續圖片的第十四張,官網與圖上的年份不同,感覺兩者皆可,sapiens為拉丁文中的現代人)

EVOLUTION UNDER WAY  ~150 000  

Humans are bipedal primates belonging to the species Homo sapiens (Latin: "wise man" or "knowing man") in Hominidae, the great ape family. Humans have a highly developed brain, capable of abstract reasoning, language, introspection, and problem solving. This mental capability, combined with an erect body carriage that frees the arms for manipulating objects, has allowed humans to make far greater use of tools than any other species. Mitochondrial DNA and fossil evidence indicates that modern humans originated in Africa about 200,000 years ago.

The scientific study of human evolution encompasses the development of the genus Homo, but usually involves studying other hominids and hominines as well, such as Australopithecus. "Modern humans" are defined as the Homo sapiens species, of which the only extant subspecies is known as Homo sapiens sapiens. Homo sapiens idaltu (roughly translated as "elder wise human"), the other known subspecies, is now extinct. Homo neanderthalensis, which became extinct 30,000 years ago, has sometimes been classified as a subspecies, "Homo sapiens neanderthalensis", but genetic studies now suggest a divergence of the Neanderthal species from Homo sapiens about 500,000 years ago.(click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

演化總該完了吧? ~15萬年前

人類是雙足靈長類,屬於智人種(拉丁文:睿智之人,瞭解之人),人科。人類有個高度發展的大腦,能夠抽象推理,言語,自省,及問題處理。這些心智能力,加上身體的直立行走,讓手臂能夠操作物體,這使得人類在使用工具上遠超過其他任何的物種。根據粒線體中的DNA,及化石證據顯示,現代人類起源於非洲,約20萬年前。

人類進化的科學研究包含了智人的發展,但研究通常也包含了其他人種及人屬,如南方古猿。現代人類被定義為智人的物種,而已知唯一存在的亞種為晚期智人。長者智人(大概可翻為年長的睿智之人”),是另外已知的亞種,現在已經滅絕。在三萬年前滅絕的智人尼安德塔人,有時被歸類在亞種之中,尼安德塔智人,但現今有個遺傳學的研究提出來,認為尼安德塔人在50萬年前從智人分化出來。

(維基連結:)

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