077-01.jpg 077-02.jpg 077-03.jpg  

THE DOMESTICATION OF GOATS  ca ~10 500/~10 000

After the dog, it was probably the goat (Capra hircus) which was tamed by man. Apparently, this happened in several phases :

First, wild goats were controlled in an extensive area between East Anatolia and the Zagros Mountains. Then around 10,500 to 10,000, goats were domesticated in only a small area the North-West of Iran. They quickly spread to the adjacent regions and further all over the world. All goats on Earth today descend from this first tamed population.

馴養山羊 約 ~1萬5百年/1萬年前

在狗之後,人類所馴養的動物可能是山羊(野山羊)。顯然地,這包含了一些步驟:

首先,野山羊自然分佈於一廣闊之區域,介於東安納托利亞與札格羅斯山脈。於10500年到10000年間,山羊被馴養於伊朗西北部此一小範圍內。然後迅速地蔓延到鄰近地區,更進一步地廣達全世界。時至今日,地球上所有的山羊,都是最初被馴養得山羊的後代。

註:牛科>羊亞科>山羊屬>野山羊(學名Capra hircus)>家山羊(學名Capra hircus hircus)

    全站熱搜

    北極海 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()