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(連續圖畫的第八張)

EVOLUTION UNDER WAY  ~2,7 million years  

Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine, who lived between 2-3 million years ago in the Pliocene. In common with the older Australopithecus afarensis, A. africanus was slenderly built, or gracile, and was thought to have been a direct ancestor of modern humans. Fossil remains indicate that A. africanus was significantly more like modern humans than A. afarensis, with a more human-like cranium permitting a larger brain and more humanoid facial features. A. africanus has been found at only four sites in southern Africa. (click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species which lived approximately 2.6 million years ago. The hominin remains are believed to be a human ancestor species and the final missing link between the Australopithecus genus and the human genus, Homo. (click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

Paranthropus aethiopicus is an extinct species of hominid. The finding discovered in 1985, is one of the earliest examples of robust pliocene hominids. The skull is dated to 2.5 million years ago, older than the later forms of robust australopithecines. Anthropologists suggest that P. aethiopicus lived between 2.7 and 2.5 million years ago. The features are quite primitive and share many traits with Australopithecus afarensis; thus P. aethiopicus is likely to be a direct descendant.(click to see all the article on Wikipedia)

演化依然進行中 ~27十萬年前

非洲南方古猿,是屬於早期人科的南方人猿亞科,存在於2百萬到3百萬年前,於上新世之時。如同古老的阿法南方古猿,非洲南方古猿的身形纖細,被認為是現今人類的直接祖先。化石遺骸表明,非洲南方古猿較於阿法南方古猿明顯地更像人類,有著更像人類的頭蓋骨有著更大的腦容量,以及更像人類的臉部特徵。非洲南方古猿發現於非洲南部的四個地方。

驚奇南方古猿是一個較纖細的南方古猿種,存在於約26十萬年前。牠在人科被認為是人的祖先物種,且是南方古猿與現代智人之間失落的環節。(譯者註:本段文字有些斷章,請參酌維基連結以一探究竟)

衣索比亞傍人是一種已滅絕的原人。於1985年所發現,是最早的粗壯上新世原人之一。從其頭骨可推估至25十萬年前,早於其他粗壯的南方古猿類。人類學家認為衣索比亞傍人存在於27十萬到25十萬年前。牠有很多原始的特徵,且與阿法南方古猿相似,因此衣索匹亞傍人被認為是阿法南方古猿的直系後代。

(維基連結:非洲南方古猿驚奇南方古猿衣索比亞傍人)

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