THE TROJAN HORSE ~1240
The Trojan Horse was a tale from the Trojan War, as told in Virgil's Latin epic poem The Aeneid. The events in this story from the Bronze Age took place after Homer's Iliad, and before Homer's Odyssey . It was the stratagem that allowed the Greeks finally to enter the city of Troy and end the conflict. In the best-known version, after a fruitless 10-year siege of Troy the Greeks built a huge figure of a horse in which a select force of men hid. The Greeks pretended to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the Horse into their city as a victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the Horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had sailed back under cover of night. The Greek army entered and destroyed the city, decisively ending the war. A "Trojan Horse" has come to mean any trick that causes a target to invite a foe into a securely protected bastion or place.
The priest Laocoön guessed the plot and warned the Trojans, in Virgil's famous line "Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes" (Do not trust Greeks bearing gifts), but the god Athena sent two sea serpents to strangle him, and his sons Antiphantes and Thymbraeus, before he could be believed. King Priam's daughter Cassandra, the soothsayer of Troy, insisted that the horse would be the downfall of the city and its royal family but she too was ignored, hence their doom and loss of the war. (click to see all the article on Wikipedia)
在維吉爾有名的篇章” "Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes”(小心希臘人帶來的禮物)中，祭司拉奧孔猜測到了可能發生的事，並且警告了特洛伊人，但是在他的話被採信之前，他就被雅典娜神派出的兩頭海蛇勒死，同時他的兒子安提法忒斯與提米波里斯一併被勒死。普里阿摩斯王的女兒卡珊德拉，特洛伊城的占卜師，也堅持這木馬會導致該城與王室的衰敗，但是她的話語被忽視了，因此特洛伊被毀滅並且輸掉了戰爭。